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Author Guidelines

Fast Capitalism Style Guide

This style guide for Fast Capitalism was adapted from the guidelines of the American Sociological Review. As we strive to bridge the social sciences and the humanities, we recognize and that this format will be unfamiliar to many of our contributors and apologize for the inconvenience; however, we trust you will find these standards reasonable, economical, and largely intuitive.

In an electronic environment, where scrolling dominates and page numbers are not used, headings and subheadings become even more important organizational markers.


Three levels of subheading—title, heading, and subheading—should be adequate for a full-length article. The headings and subheadings will be stylized as shown here, with a graphical element for the heading and a small increase in size for the subheading. For more examples of this and other elements, you may look through the existing journal.

Fast Capitalism will underline the titles of books, journals and films. We will use bold to indicate emphasis and to designate special and foreign-language terms. We will use red to indicate Web links.

Citations in the Text
Citations in the text give the last name of the author(s) and year of publication. Include page numbers whenever you quote directly from a work, paraphrase, or refer to specific passages. Cite only those works needed to provide evidence for your assertions and to guide readers to important sources on your topic. In the following examples of text citations, ellipses indicate manuscript text.
If an author's name is in the text, follow it with the year in parentheses— . . . Duncan . . . (1959). If an author's name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses— . . . (Gouldner 1963).
Pages cited follow the year of publication after a colon— . . . (Ramirez and Weiss 1979: 239-40).
Give both last names for joint authors— . . . (Martin and Bailey 1988).
For works with three authors, list all three last names in the first citation in the text— . . . (Carr, Smith, and Jones 1962). For all subsequent citations use "et al."— . . . (Carr et al. 1962). For works with four or more authors, use "et al." throughout.
For institutional authorship, supply minimal identification from the complete citation— . . . (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963:117).
List a series of citations in alphabetical order or date order separated by semicolons— . . . (Burgess 1968; Marwell et al. 1971).
Use "forthcoming" to cite sources scheduled for publication. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date. If no date, use "n.d." in place of the date— . . . Smith (forthcoming) and Oropesa (n.d.).
For machine-readable data files, cite authorship and date— . . . (Institute for Survey Research 1976).
For citation of URLs, indicate the web site and when it was accessed— . . . (, July 17, 2004). If the site has an author, indicate: . . . (Kellner 2004).

Number notes in the text consecutively throughout your article using superscript Arabic numerals. If you refer to a note again later in the text, use a parenthetical note--…(see note 3).
Footnotes or endnotes should be typed either as footnotes at the bottom of the text pages or in a separate "Endnotes" section. Begin each note with the superscript numeral to which it is keyed in the text (e.g., "1 After 1981, there were…"). Notes can (a) explain or amplify text, (b) cite materials of limited availability, or (c) append information presented in a table or figure.

References are presented in a separate section headed "References." All references cited in the text must be listed in the reference section, and vice versa. Publication information for each must be complete and correct. List the references in alphabetical order by authors' last names; include first names and middle initials for all authors when available. List two or more entries by the same author(s) in order of the year of publication. If the cited material is not yet published but has been accepted for publication, use "Forthcoming" in place of the date and give the journal name or publishing house. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date and place the paper was presented and/or where it is available. If not date is available, sue "N.d." in place of the date. If two or more cited works are by the same author(s) within the same year, list them in alphabetical order by title and distinguish them by adding the letters a, b, c, etc., to the year (or to "Forthcoming"). For works with more than one author, only the name of the first author is inverted (e.g., "Jones, Arthur B., Colin D. Smith, and James Petersen"). List all authors; using "et al." in the reference list is not a good idea.
A few examples follow. Refer to the ASA Style Guide or existing articles in Fast Capitalism for more examples.


Bernard, Claude. [1865] (1957. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Translated by H. C. Greene. New York: Dover.
Mason, Karen. O. 1974. Women's Labor Force Participation and Fertility. Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institutes of Health.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1960. Characteristics of Population. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Goodman, Leo A. 1947a. "The Analysis of Systems of Qualitative Variables When Some of the Variables are Unobservable. Part I-A Modified Latent Structure Approach." American Journal of Sociology. 79:1179-1259.
----.1947b. "Exploratory Latent Structure Analysis Using Both Identifiable and Unidentifiable Models." Biometrika 61:215-31.
Azelenyi, Szonja and Jacqueline Olvera. Forthcoming. "The Declining Significance of Class: Does Gender Complicate the Story?" Theory and Society.


Clausen, John. 1972. "The Life Course of Individuals." Pp. 457-514 in Aging and Society, vol. 3, A Sociology of Age Stratification, edited by M. W. Riley, M. Johnson, and A. Foner. New York: Russell Sage.
Sampson, Robert J. 1992. "Family Management and Child Development: Insights from Social Disorganization Theory." Pp. 63-93 in Advances in Criminology Theory, vol. 3, Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts, edited by J. McCord, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.


Charles, Maria. 1990. "Occupational Sex Segregation: A Log-Linear Analysis of Patterns in 25 Industrial Countries." Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

Web Sites

Smith, Mary. 2004. "How (not?) to Lose Weight Fast: A Feminist Perspective on the Atkins Diet." Accessed July 28, 2004., "How (not?) to Lose Weight Fast: A Feminist Perspective on the Atkins Diet." Accessed August 3, 2004.
Figures, Illustrations, Photographs
Number these consecutively throughout the text. Include a title or caption.

Appendices should be lettered, to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures in the text. Each appendix should include a descriptive title (e.g., "Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions").

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